| The Norman conquest of England began in 1066 with the invasion of England by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and his victory at the Battle of
Hastings over King Harold II of England. By bringing England under the control of rulers originating in France, the Norman conquest was a pivotal event in English
history. In fact, though the Normans ruled England for only 300 years, almost 10,000 French words, including many of the words concerning government and high
society, have survived in modern English. At the same time, however, the peasants still spoke English, so many of the modern words for work and every living are from
Old English. To illustrate this fact, notice that when an animal is in the field, it is called by its Old English name: cow, sheep, or pig. However, when an animal is on a
plate, it is called by its Old French name: beef, mutton, or bacon.